Last update 21 Mar 2024


solute carrier family 17 member 5

Basic Info

AST, H(+)/nitrate cotransporter, H(+)/sialic acid cotransporter
+ [13]
Multifunctional anion transporter that operates via two distinct transport mechanisms, namely proton-coupled anion cotransport and membrane potential-dependent anion transport (PubMed:15510212, PubMed:21781115, PubMed:22778404, PubMed:23889254). Electroneutral proton-coupled acidic monosaccharide symporter, with a sugar to proton stoichiometry of 1:1. Exports glucuronic acid and free sialic acid derived from sialoglycoconjugate degradation out of lysosomes, driven by outwardly directed lysosomal pH gradient. May regulate lysosome function and metabolism of sialylated conjugates that impact oligodendrocyte lineage differentiation and myelinogenesis in the central nervous system (PubMed:15510212, PubMed:21781115, PubMed:22778404, PubMed:23889254) (By similarity). Electrogenic proton-coupled nitrate symporter that transports nitrate ions across the basolateral membrane of salivary gland acinar cells, with nitrate to proton stoichiometry of 2:1. May contribute to nitrate clearance from serum by salivary glands, where it is further concentrated and secreted in the saliva (PubMed:22778404). Uses membrane potential to drive the uptake of acidic amino acids and peptides into synaptic vesicles. Responsible for synaptic vesicular storage of L-aspartate and L-glutamate in pinealocytes as well as vesicular uptake of N-acetyl-L-aspartyl-L-glutamate neuropeptide, relevant to aspartegic-associated glutamatergic neurotransmission and activation of metabotropic receptors that inhibit subsequent transmitter release (PubMed:21781115, PubMed:22778404, PubMed:23889254) (By similarity). Receptor for CM101, a polysaccharide produced by group B Streptococcus with antipathoangiogenic properties.


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