Methylphenidate hydrochloride, a preeminent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant, which was initially sanctioned by the United States on the 5th of December, 1955, and skillfully engineered by the pharmacological powerhouse Novartis, is an efficacious medication that ameliorates the symptoms of narcolepsy, attention deficit disorder (ADD), and attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADHD). The intricate mechanism by which this complex pharmacological agent operates is by augmenting the levels of neurotransmitters, specifically norepinephrine and dopamine, within the brain, which results in improved concentration, attentiveness, and a reduction in impulsive behavior. This pharmacological compound, which is also marketed under the brand names Ritalin and Concerta, is classified by its intricate chemical structure, namely methyl α-phenyl-2-piperidineacetate hydrochloride. Despite its status as a frequently prescribed medication for ADHD, the use of methylphenidate hydrochloride may produce a range of deleterious side effects such as appetite loss, insomnia, and anxiety, underscoring the imperative for the usage of this medication to be judiciously guided by the expertise of a healthcare professional. Click on the image below to begin the exploration journey of Methylphenidate through the Synapse database!
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